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Cause and Effect Using So-That / Such-That

In the basic competence presented in 3.1, Cause and Effect for 12 English Cross Program Class, I’d like to share you how to understand the information of usage in Correlative Conjunction: (1) so – that and (2) such – that.

Examples Cause and Effect

Le's see an example of a dialogue below!

After seeing the dialogue, we may find that there are three expressions of cause and effect:

From the three examples, can you find any difference?

Perhaps, you can try to guess based on your feeling, does it feel right with so or such is accepted well.

Let’s have a look to these examples below! Try to guess which one is having so or such!

After you try to guess, I believe you can manage to see the difference.


An adjectives is word that describes a noun or pronoun. An adjective is a word that gives more information about the noun that goes with it. It is a part of speech. Often, the adjective is before the noun it describes.

Nouns are words that name a place, a person, a thing, or an idea.

Yet, a noun phrase is a noun in which the modifier can come before or after the noun. It can be a collection of words which form a noun by explained by adjective.


However, there’s something special about quantifier!

A quantifier is a word that usually goes before a noun to express the quantity of the object; for example, a little milk. Most quantifiers are followed by a noun, though it is also possible to use them without the noun when it is clear what we are referring to

For example:
  1. Do you want some coffee? – Just a little. (It’s clear that I mean ‘a little coffee’.)
  2. I need many things to say.
  3. I could barely hit some points there.

So, what is so special about quantifier? Have a look at these two examples!

  1. There are so many people that I can’t find which one my father is.
  2. There was much water that I could swim.

Yes, it is the use of so-that but there’s noun “many people” and “much water” instead of “adjective”.


From the explanation, it is clear that:
  1. So is a followed either by adjective or quantifier with noun.
  2. Such is always followed by noun or noun phrase.
  3. So-that and such-that are correlative conjunctions to express cause and effect.

If you want to learn better, you may click this link to online quiz Quiz For So-That and Such-That

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